With 1872 square kilometers of reserve, Africa’s highest mountain (5895 metres) dominates the area of mountain rain forest, scrub, alpine moorlands, and ice fields. Kibo, the highest peak, is basically one which can be reached by a strenuous walk carried out by fit climbers, and is popular for many visitors where a minimum of five days is required. A fantastic view of Africa can be had from the top on a fine day. Inevitably the area below the snow line is shrouded in cloud. Although a few animals such as elephant, rhino, buffalo, leopard and eland may be found, the rare Abbots duiker is the prime attraction. Among the birds of special interest, those of note are Lammergeyer, scarlet-tuffed malachite sunbirds and the mountain chat.
With 325 square kilometers nestling under the wall of the Great Rift Valley, this enchanting park consists of five distinct vegetation zones- a ground water forest with towering mahogany and fig trees; extensive marshland and reeds; plain of open grassland on the precipitous face of the Rift wall. The park is famous for its numerous buffalo, elephant and in particular the lions which have the unusual habit of lying upon the branches of some of the trees. Leopard and rhino are seen in most areas of the park. Manyara is noted for its wealth of birdlife which often include thousands of lesser flamingos.
With 1300 square kilometers located a stride a main road; it is the most accessible park from Dar-es-Salaam where its principal feature is the flood plain of the Mkata River. The haunt of many elephants, buffalo, lion, hippo and a great variety of animals, it also includes the greater Kudu, Sable antelope and Lichens teens hartebeest. Bird life is extremely varied with many colorful and interesting species occurring which are not found in the northern parks.
With 3510 square kilometers, it adjoins a portion of the southern boundary of Kenya’s Tsavo National Park. Being a very arid area, with open plains, thorn bush and isolated rocky hills, it is the home to elephant, rhino, buffalo, lion, leopard, Oryx and lesser kudu as well as other lesser game. Bird life is particularly interesting.
With 117 square miles, the Arusha Park is an extremely interesting area being located on the side of Mount Meru which, while having thick forested slopes rises dramatically into the sky representing a classical extinct volvanic cone. The Ngurdoto Park is famous for its unique crater, the thick highland rain forest sections, acacia woodland and string of seven crater lakes of Momella. However, the miniature Ngurdoto crater has been set aside as a reserve within a reserve. Down inside is a wealth of wildlife buffalo, elephant, rhino and many other animals, but no lions. This 2.4 kilometre wide crater is closed to man and is a sanctuary for wildlife only. The beautiful Narinas trogon is found in the forests, as is the crowned hawk eagle, the African broad bill and the broad ringed white eye.
Patched on the top of the Rift Valley escarpment between lake Manyara and Serengeti is this wonder of the world. Ngorongoro crater was an active volcano some 3 million years ago. Its cone collapsed leaving a sunken caldera of 311 sq km, making it one of the largest craters in the world. The magic comes from its sheer physical beauty and stunning panoply of wildlife that roam its floor. The 2000ft descent into the crater reveals a sight of unequalled grandeur.
The crater is the home to about 40,000 animals, including the big five. There are perennial swamps on the crater floor which are an important migratory point for flamingos. Also on the crater floor, there are two patches of dense acacia woodlands called Lerai and Laindi forests. Other interesting features include the deep lake of Embagi, waterfalls of Munge, the active volcano of Ol Donyo Lengai, and the shifting sands.
Guests descend in 4 wheel drive vehicles to the floor where they spend time driving around in search of game. The crater floor has become a popular spot for sighting the rare Black Rhino and large prides of Lion.
With 2600 square kilometers, this is a most spectacular park during the dry season when several thousands of animals migrate to the Tarangire River. A special feature of the park is the Greater Kudu but it is also good for rhino, elephant, buffalo, lion and a host of other species. The reserve has nine distinct vegetation areas and generally covers arid acacia/thorn bush country.
This is one of the areas to visit when staying at the Tanzanian coast – Dar es Salaam or Zanzibar. The area is easily accessible by daily scheduled air from Dar es Salaam and is serviced by permanent camps and lodges.
This is a huge park, of which just a small part has been developed for visitors. It is probably Africa’s largest sanctuary for Elephants. The park is watered by the Ruaha river which also affords visitors unequalled game viewing opportunity.
Activities here centre around boat rides on river Rufiji and escorted game walks.